Electrodynamic Investigations of Ion Transport and Structural Properties in Drug-Containing Gels: Dielectric Spectroscopy and Transient Current Measurements on Catanionic Carbopol Systems
2005 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 109, no 32, 15250-15255 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study is to show the potential of using electrodynamic methods as characterization tools in the controlled drug release process, on complex drug release systems. The two formulations under study were a Carbopol gel containing diphenhydramine and an identical gel also containing the surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate which forms catanionic vesicles with the diphenhydramine. The average diffusion coefficients were calculated from both the dielectric spectroscopy and the transient current measurements. Comparing the herein-obtained diffusion coefficients with those obtained in another study using a traditional USP technique for the same system, the values are virtually the same. The two electrodynamic methods proved to be potentially valuable tools for obtaining information about the concentration and the motion of the drug molecules inside the gel. The transient current measurements are particularly interesting in this case, as the method gives information not only on an average level, but also of the different charged moieties separately. Interestingly, it seems that the methods also are applicable for obtaining information about the mesh size in the gel.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 109, no 32, 15250-15255 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96416DOI: 10.1021/jp0511350OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96416DiVA: diva2:170983