Mitochondrial protein patterns correlating with impaired insulin secretion from INS-1E cells exposed to elevated glucose concentrations
2006 (English)In: Proteomics, ISSN 1615-9853, E-ISSN 1615-9861, Vol. 6, no 19, 5193-5198 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Extended hyperglycaemia leads to impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and eventually P-cell apoptosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In an attempt to dissect mechanisms behind the detrimental effects of glucose, we focused on measuring changes in expression patterns of mitochondrial proteins. Impaired GSIS was observed from INS-1E cells cultured for 5 days at 20 or 27 mM glucose compared to cells cultured at 5.5 or 11 mM glucose. After culture, mitochondria were isolated from the INS-1E cells by differential centrifugation. Proteins of the mitochondrial fraction were bound to a strong anionic surface (SAX2) protein array and mass spectra generated by SELDI-TOF-MS. Analysis of the spectra revealed proteins with expression levels that correlated with the glucose concentration of the culture medium. Indeed, such differentially expressed proteins created patterns of protein changes, which correlated with impairment of GSIS. In conclusion, the study reveals the first glucose-induced differentially expressed patterns of P-cell mitochondrial proteins obtained by SELDI-TOF-MS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 6, no 19, 5193-5198 p.
diabetes, glucose, insulin secretion, mitochondria, SELDI-TOF-MS
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96439DOI: 10.1002/pmic.200600137ISI: 000241249800011PubMedID: 16941568OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96439DiVA: diva2:171012