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Psychometric testing of the Leadership and Management Inventory: a tool to measure the skills and abilities of first-line nurse managers
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
2008 (English)In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 16, no 7, 784-794 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim? To estimate the validity and reliability of the Leadership and Management Inventory, a tool to measure the skills and abilities of first-line nurse managers.

Background? The decision to develop an inventory reflects the need for an instrument that can measure the various skills and abilities first-line nurse managers should possess.

Method? Factor analysis was conducted and internal consistency initially estimated on data from 149 registered nurses; a second sample of 197 health care personnel was used to test these results.

Results? Principal component analysis of the first sample resulted in a preferred three-factor solution that explained 65.8% of the variance; Cronbach's alpha coefficient varied between 0.90 and 0.95. Analysis of the second sample also resulted in a three-factor solution that explained 64.2% of the variance; Cronbach's alpha coefficient varied from 0.88 to 0.96. For both samples, the factors were labelled `interpersonal skills and group management', `achievement orientation' and `overall organizational view and political savvy'.

Conclusion? Results indicate that estimates of validity and reliability for the Leadership and Management Inventory can be considered acceptable. Implications for nursing management?The Leadership and Management Inventory can be used when first-line nurse managers' leadership and management skills and abilities are to be measured.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 16, no 7, 784-794 p.
Keyword [en]
instrument development, leadership and management skills, principal component analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96458DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00912.xISI: 000207691100003PubMedID: 19017240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96458DiVA: diva2:171036
Available from: 2007-11-19 Created: 2007-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. First-line Nurse Managers' Preconditions for Practise: The Important Interplay between Person and Organization
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-line Nurse Managers' Preconditions for Practise: The Important Interplay between Person and Organization
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim was to study personal and organizational conditions for first-line nurse managers and to identify and assess the skills and abilities important for leadership and management. Interviews were conducted with 5 first-line nurse managers, 5 registered nurses, 5 assistant nurses and one head of department delineating their perceptions of current and ideal roles of first-line nurse managers. Factor analysis was conducted to estimate validity and reliability of the Leadership and Management Inventory, developed in the context of this thesis, in one sample of 149 registered nurses and one sample of 197 health care personnel. Interviews and questionnaires to study expectations, experiences and outcomes of two different development programmes for 13 first-line nurse managers in a Training Programme, 14 in a Leadership Development Programme and 14 in a Comparison group were conducted. Letters and questionnaires from 32 former first-line nurse managers were analysed to describe their reasons for leaving their posts. First-line nurse managers, registered nurses and assistant nurses’ descriptions of the first-line nurse manager’s role were corresponding; the main focus was on service on the ward. The head of department described the first-line nurse manager’s responsibility towards the staff with focus on development and co-operation. Analysis of the Leadership and Management Inventory resulted in three factors: “interpersonal skills and group management”, “achievement orientation” and “overall organizational view and political savvy”. Validity and reliability were considered acceptable. Expectations concerning the development programmes were generally met; improvements corresponding to the content of the programmes were reported. Reasons to leave were personal, organizational and linked to the relationship with the head of department. Conclusion: The first-line nurse managers’ individual experiences, skills, abilities and ambitions are important, but so are the conditions in which she/he practices her/his leadership and management. It is important that the interplay between person and organization functions well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. 89 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 33
Keyword
Caring sciences, first-line nurse manager, managerial role, instrument development, leadership development, support, turnover, Vårdvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8314 (URN)978-91-554-7026-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-12-10, Auditorium Minus, Museum Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, 753 10 Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-11-19 Created: 2007-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Skytt, BerniceEngström, Maria

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