Teaching Musical Expression: Effects of production and delivery of feedback by teacher vs. computer on rated feedback quality
2009 (English)In: Music Education Research, ISSN 1461-3808, E-ISSN 1469-9893, Vol. 11, no 2, 175-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous research has shown that a computer program may improve performers' abilities to express emotions through their performance. Yet performers seem reluctant to embrace this novel technology. In this study we explored possible reasons for these negative impressions. Eighty guitarists performed a piece of music to express various emotions, received feedback on their performances, and judged the quality of the feedback they received on rating scales. In a 2 x 2 between-subjects factorial design, we manipulated (a) the performers’ belief about whether the feedback was produced by a teacher or a computer program (feedback delivery) and (b) the feedback contents in terms of whether they were really produced by a teacher or a computer program (feedback production). Results revealed significant main effects of both production and delivery, but no interaction between the two. That is, the mere belief that the feedback derived from a teacher yielded higher quality ratings, but so did also feedback that did indeed derive from a teacher. While both types of feedback were rated as equally easy to understand, feedback from teachers was rated as more detailed. Additional analyses revealed that teacher-produced feedback was appreciated because it offered encouragement, examples, and explanations. Implications for computer applications in music education are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 11, no 2, 175-191 p.
attitudes, computer, computer-assisted teaching, emotion, expression, feedback, music performance, teaching
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96734DOI: 10.1080/14613800902924532ISI: 000268245900003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96734DiVA: diva2:171408