Increased long-term mortality in patients with repeated visits to the emergency department
2010 (English)In: European journal of emergency medicine, ISSN 0969-9546, E-ISSN 1473-5695, Vol. 17, no 5, 274-279 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background Revisits to the emergency department (ED) are common. It is not clear whether the number of revisits, the time between revisits or the reason for the revisits are associated with increased mortality.
Methods During 1 year, the number of visits, the reason for the visit and the time between visits were recorded in 15 607 nonsurgical ED patients and related to 1-year and 5-year mortality.
Results Five-year mortality was dependent on the number of revisits in an inverse U-shaped manner. When compared with one-time visitors, patients with three visits showed an increased 5-year mortality (hazard ratio 1.85, 95% confidence interval 1.58-2.16, P < 0.0001), whereas in patients with four or five visits mortality decreased. Patients with six or more visits had a 5-year mortality not different from one-time visitors. The impact of the number of visits was, however, dependent on the presenting complaint (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, the time between two adjacent visits influenced long-term mortality in an inverse U-shaped manner. In patients not admitted to the ward, a revisit after 2-3 days was associated with increased mortality (hazard ratio 1.89, 95% confidence interval 1.06-3.35, P = 0.03). In patients revisiting the ED with the same adjacent presenting complaint, mortality differed depending on the complaint (P < 0.0001).
Conclusion In nonsurgical patients revisiting the ED, long-term mortality was dependent on both the number of revisits, as well as the time between two visits in an inverse U-shaped manner. This indicates a possibility of detecting the transition level between appropriate medical utilization and inappropriate frequent ED use.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 17, no 5, 274-279 p.
emergency department, emergency department utilization, frequent attenders, frequent emergency department users, long-term mortality, revisit
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96930DOI: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e3283104106ISI: 000282107800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96930DiVA: diva2:171668