Relief of chronic partial ureteral obstruction attenuates salt-sensitive hypertension in rats
2007 (English)In: Acta Physiologica, ISSN 1748-1708, E-ISSN 1748-1716, Vol. 189, no 1, 67-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: The incidence of hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction is approx. 0.5%. During the last decade, the management of non-symptomatic hydronephrosis has become much more conservative, but the long-term physiological consequences of this policy are not clear. Previously, we have shown that animals with chronic partial unilateral ureteral obstruction develop salt-sensitive hypertension. In this study, the effects of ipsilateral and contralateral nephrectomy and ureterovesicostomy on blood pressure were studied in hydronephrotic animals.
Methods: Partial unilateral ureteral obstruction was created in 3-week-old male Sprague–Dawley rats and blood pressure was measured telemetrically 4–6 weeks later during a normal and high salt diet before and after uninephrectomy or ureterovesicostomy. Plasma samples for renin assay were collected during both diets before and after ipsilateral nephrectomy.
Results: All hydronephrotic animals developed salt-sensitive hypertension, of different degrees. Before nephrectomy the plasma renin concentration was significantly higher in the hydronephrotic animals than in controls (160 ± 15 μGU mL−1 vs. 96 ± 12 μGU mL−1, respectively), but after the ipsilateral nephrectomy no differences were found between the groups. In the hydronephrotic animals both ipsilateral nephrectomy and ureterovesicostomy reduced the blood pressure and salt-sensitivity but the former still differed significantly from the controls. In contralaterally, nephrectomized hydronephrotic animals the salt-sensitive hypertension became more pronounced.
Conclusion: Hydronephrosis in rats causes salt-sensitive hypertension that can be markedly reduced by removing the hydronephrotic kidney or relieving the obstruction by ureterovesicostomy. The mechanisms appear to be intrarenal and primarily located in the diseased kidney, but a secondary mechanism is also present.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 189, no 1, 67-75 p.
hydronephrosis, nephrectomy, partial ureteral obstruction, renin, salt-sensitive hypertension, ureterovesicostomy
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96932DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2006.01625.xISI: 000243440900007PubMedID: 17280558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96932DiVA: diva2:171671