ABCB1 polymorphisms influence steady-state plasma levels of 9-hydroxyrisperidone and risperidone active moiety
2008 (English)In: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, ISSN 0163-4356, Vol. 30, no 5, 628-633 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Risperidone is metabolized to its active metabolite, 9-hydroxy risperidone, mainly by the cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP2D6 and 3A4. Its antipsychotic effect is assumed to be related to the active moiety, that is, the sum of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone. Both risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone are substrates of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a transport protein involved in drug absorption, distribution, and elimination. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of polymorphisrns in genes encoding CYP3A5 and P-gp (ABCB1) on the steady-state plasma levels of risperidone, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, and the active moiety, taking CYP2D6 genotype status into account. Forty-six white patients with schizophrenia treated with risperidone (1-10 mg/d) in monotherapy for 4-6 weeks were genotyped, and their plasma concentrations of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone were measured. Dose-corrected plasma concentrations (C/D) of risperidone, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, and active moiety showed up to 68-, 9-, and 10-fold interindividual variation, respectively. Six patients carried 1 CYP3A5*1 allele and therefore were likely to express the CYP3A5 enzyme. The CYP3A5 genotype did not influence risperidone, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, or active moiety C/Ds. The CYP2D6 genotype in these 46 patients was again associated with risperidone C/D (P = 0.001) but not with 9-hydroxyrisperidone C/D or active moiety C/D, as previously shown by our group in 37 of these patients. Patients homozygous for the ABCB1 3435T/2677T/1236T haplotype had significantly lower C/Ds of 9-hydroxyrisperidone (P = 0.026) and active moiety (P = 0.028) than patients carrying other ABCB1 genotypes. In conclusion, our results confirmed the significant effect of CYP2D6 genotype oil the steady-state plasma levels of risperidone and showed that ABCB1 polymorphisins have a moderate effect oil those of 9-hydroxyrisperidone and the active moiety.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 30, no 5, 628-633 p.
risperidone, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, ABCB1, CYP3A4, CYP3A5
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97084DOI: 10.1097/FTD.0b013e3181858ca9ISI: 000259730700012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97084DiVA: diva2:171871