Short food deprivation inhibits orexin receptor 1 expression and orexin-A induced intracellular calcium signaling in acutely isolated duodenal enterocytes
2009 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, ISSN 0193-1857, E-ISSN 1522-1547, Vol. 296, no 3, G651-G658 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bengtsson MW, Makela K, Herzig KH, Flemstrom G. Short food deprivation inhibits orexin receptor 1 expression and orexin-A induced intracellular calcium signaling in acutely isolated duodenal enterocytes. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 296: G651-G658, 2009. First published December 31, 2008; doi:10.1152/ajpgi.90387.2008.-Close intra-arterial infusion of the appetite regulating peptide orexin-A stimulates bicarbonate secretion from the duodenal mucosa. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the ability of orexin-A to induce intracellular calcium signaling in acutely isolated duodenal enterocytes. Freshly isolated clusters of enterocytes, obtained from rat duodenal mucosa or human duodenal biopsies, were loaded with fura 2-AM and mounted in a perfusion chamber. Cryptlike enterocytes were selected (caged), and changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+](i)) were evaluated by fluorescence imaging. Total RNA was extracted from pellets of enterocytes and reverse transcribed to cDNA, and expression of orexin receptors 1 and 2 (OX1R and OX2R) was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Orexin-A at all concentrations tested (1-100 nM) increased [Ca2+](i) in enterocytes isolated from continuously fed rats, and the OX1R-antagonist SB-334867 (10 nM) attenuated the response. The primary [Ca2+](i) response was a slow increase to a sustained plateau persisting after orexin-A removal, and a similar response was observed in enterocytes from human biopsies. In contrast to orexin-A, the OX2R agonist (Ala(11), D-Leu(15))orexin-B (1-10 nM) did not induce calcium signaling. There were no significant [Ca2+](i) responses in enterocytes from animals food deprived overnight, and overnight fasting decreased (P < 0.01) enterocyte OX1R as well as OX2R mRNA. Induction of intracellular calcium signaling in isolated duodenal enterocytes is thus mediated primarily by OX1R receptors. Short (overnight) food deprivation markedly depresses receptor expression and inhibits orexin-A induced increases in [Ca2+](i). Studies of enterocyte signaling and intestinal secretion requires particular evaluation regarding feeding status.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 296, no 3, G651-G658 p.
(Ala(11), D-Leu(15))-orexin-B, bicarbonate secretion, fasting, feeding, SB-334867
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97104DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.90387.2008ISI: 000263900800022PubMedID: 19118115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97104DiVA: diva2:171899