Chlamydophila pneumonia: Specific mRNA in aorta ascendens in patients undergoing coronary artery by-pass grafting
2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0036-5548, Vol. 38, no 9, 758-763 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective of this prospective study was to investigate if Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cp)-specific DNA and mRNA are present in tissue samples from the wall of aorta ascendens in patients undergoing by-pass surgery for coronary artery disease (CAD) that includes stable angina pectoris (SAP, 25 patients) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS, 19 patients). Viable Cp was detected in 8/44 (18%) patients using reversed transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) against bacterial mRNA with detection of cDNA using real-time PCR against the MOMP gene. Cp DNA was detected by nested PCR in 22/44 (50%) patients and by real-time PCR in 13/44 (30%) patients. In total, 24/44 (55%) patients were positive for Cp nucleic acid in any PCR. Antibodies to Cp were detected in 13/24 (54%) Cp PCR-positive and in 15/20 (75%) Cp PCR-negative patients. Nested PCR was run on throat swabs from all patients. No significant differences were noted between SAP and ACS patients regarding PCR results or serology. It has been suggested that Cp may be a 'silent passenger' picked up by the atherosclerotic plaque. Our findings of viable and metabolically active bacteria in aortic tissue add further support to the hypothesis that Cp may have an active role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 38, no 9, 758-763 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97115DOI: 10.1080/00365540600617058ISI: 000240109600001PubMedID: 16938728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97115DiVA: diva2:171913