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bHLH and bZIP factors target the G-box of the RY/G-cluster in the seed storage protein napA promoter
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97161OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97161DiVA: diva2:171979
Available from: 2008-04-28 Created: 2008-04-28 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studies on the regulation of the Napin napA promoter by ABI3, bZIP and bHLH transcription factors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studies on the regulation of the Napin napA promoter by ABI3, bZIP and bHLH transcription factors
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The B3-domain transcription factor ABI3 is a major regulator of gene expression of seed maturation during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. The napA gene encodes for a Brassica napus 2S storage protein specifically expressed in the embryo during the early and mid-maturation phase (MAT program).The napA promoter contains two essential cis-sequences; the B-box, which functions as an Abscisic acid-responsive element (ABRE) and the RY/G cluster. ABI3 is known to target both these cis-sequences. Several bZIP factors expressed during seed maturation, bZIP12, bZIP38 and bZIP66, as well as a heterodimer of ABI5 and bZIP67, can bind the B-box ABRE in a yeast one-hybrid assay. Amongst them ABI3 and bZIP67 are able to activate synergistically the two cis-elements in a transient protoplast assay. We also show that bZIP67 interacts directly with ABI3 in a yeast two-hybrid assay. Therefore, we hypothesize that i)ABI3 is recruited indirectly to napA through molecular interaction with bZIP67 bound to the B-box ABRE, ii) ABI3 binds directly to the RY-element and interacts with bZIP67 targeted to the adjacent G-box found in the napA RY/G-cluster.

We also show that the RY/G cluster is responsible for repression of napA expression during the late maturation LEA program, and for repression of ABI3-mediated transactivation during germination. ABI3 from which the A1 activation domain had been removed, can bind to the napA RY-element in a yeast one-hybrid assay, in contrast to full-length ABI3, suggesting that ABI3 DNA-binding abilities are regulated by auto-inhibition. We propose that during late maturation ABI3 loses ability to bind RY, which results in repression of MAT genes but not of LEA genes that contain fewer RY-elements. In parallel, we show that the B3-domain VAL proteins bind to RY-elements and decrease ABI3-mediated transactivation of the napA RY/G and therefore act as active repressors maintaining silencing of MAT genes during vegetative growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008. 43 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 347
Keyword
Molecular biology, transcription gene regulation, plant seed maturation, seed storage protein, ABA, ABI3, bZIP, bHLH, Brassica napus, Molekylärbiologi
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8713 (URN)978-91-554-7189-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-05-20, C10:301, BMC, Uppsala, 09:15
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Available from: 2008-04-28 Created: 2008-04-28Bibliographically approved

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