Renal Hyaluronan Content During Experimental Uncontrolled Diabetes in Rats
2008 (English)In: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, ISSN 0867-5910, Vol. 59, no 1, 115-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
With diabetes mellitus, the ability of the kidneys to maintain fluid balance is affected. Hyperglycaemia increases production of hyaluronan in cultured kidney cells implying that diabetes promotes induction of hyaluronan in the kidney. The aim of the present study was to determine if the interstitial matrix component hyaluronan is differently distributed within the kidney in diabetic rats compared to non-diabetic rats. Furthermore, to test if diabetic rats are able to respond with diuresis upon a hypotonic fluid load. The normal heterogeneous intrarenal distribution of hyaluronan was confirmed in non-diabetic control rats, with 60-fold more in the papilla than in the cortex. In diabetic animals, the cortical hyaluronan was unaffected but the papillary hyaluronan content was 3-fold higher than in non-diabetic rats. This increase correlated with a more than three-fold induction of the papillary hyaluronansynthase 2 mRNA expression. In non-diabetic animals, 2 h water loading increased papillary hyaluronan (+93%) and diuresis (17-fold). In diabetic animals, baseline diuresis was 8-fold higher than in non-diabetic animals, which correlated with hyperglycaemia, glucosuria and proteinuria. Water loading in diabetic animals did not further increase papillary hyaluronan or diuresis: the urine flow rate decreased. To conclude, papillary hyaluronan is elevated in diabetic rats, which coincides with induction of hyaluronan-synthase 2 mRNA, hyperglycaemia, glucosuria, proteinuria and overt diuresis. The inability to respond to a water load with further diuresis may be related to the already elevated papillary hyaluronan and the inability to change hyaluronan during water loading.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 59, no 1, 115-128 p.
diabetes, hyaluronan, kidney, water loading, diuresis
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97209ISI: 000254635300010PubMedID: 18441392OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97209DiVA: diva2:172038