Folic acid supplementation affects ROS scavenging enzymes, enhances Vegf-A, and diminishes apoptotic state in yolk sacs of embryos of diabetic rats
2007 (English)In: Reproductive Toxicology, ISSN 0890-6238, E-ISSN 1873-1708, Vol. 23, no 4, 486-498 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We aimed to investigate the extent to which maternal diabetes with or without folic acid (FA) supplementation affects mRNA levels and protein distribution of ROS scavenging enzymes, vascular endothelial growth factor-A (Vegf-A), folate binding protein-1 (Folbp-1), and apoptosis-associated proteins in the yolk sacs of rat embryos on gestational days 10 and 11. Commencing at conception and throughout pregnancy, half of the streptozotocin-diabetic and half of the control rats received daily FA injections. Maternal diabetes impaired vascular morphology and decreased CuZnSOD and GPX-1 gene expression in yolk sacs. Maternal diabetes also increased the levels of CuZnSOD protein, increased the Bax/Bcl-2 protein ratio and decreased Vegf-A protein distribution. FA treatment normalized vascular morphology, decreased mRNA levels of all three SOD isoforms and increased Vegf-A mRNA levels, rectified CuZnSOD protein distribution and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. A teratogenic diabetic environment produces a state of vasculopathy, oxidative stress, and mild apoptosis in the yolk sac. FA administration normalizes vascular morphology, diminishes apoptotic rate, and increases Vegf-A gene expression and protein distribution in the yolk sac of diabetic rats.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 23, no 4, 486-498 p.
Rat, Embryo, Diabetes in pregnancy, Folic acid, Superoxide dismutase, Catalase, Glutathione peroxidase, Vascular endothelial growth factor-A, Folate binding protein-1, Bax; Bcl-2, Caspase-3
Medical and Health Sciences Biological Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97218DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2007.03.007ISI: 000247231000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97218DiVA: diva2:172053