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Cold Atmospheric Plasma in Nitrogen and Air Generated by the Hybrid Plasma Source
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Division for Electricity and Lightning Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Division for Electricity and Lightning Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Division for Electricity and Lightning Research.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, ISSN 0734-2101, E-ISSN 1520-8559, Vol. 24, no 4, 1410-1413 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Generation of long plumes of cold atmospheric plasma in nitrogen and air has been successfully performed by the hybrid hollow electrode activated discharge (H-HEAD) source. The source with a simple cylindrical electrode terminated by a gas nozzle combines the microwave antenna plasma with the hollow cathode plasma generated inside the gas nozzle by pulsed dc power. The H-HEAD source is capable of generating up to 10 cm long plumes in air at microwave powers below 500 W and at air flow rates as low as 100 sccm (standard cubic centimeter per minute). The corresponding flow rates in the nitrogen plasma are even less than 80 sccm. The discharges in air and nitrogen have similar shapes and are comparable with the corresponding plasma columns in argon. A comparison of the optical emission spectra of the plasma in nitrogen and air is presented. The temperatures generated on steel substrates by interaction with nitrogen and air plasma columns at different microwaves and dc powers are compared with the corresponding effects in argon plasma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 24, no 4, 1410-1413 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97233DOI: 10.1116/1.2174017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97233DiVA: diva2:172075
Available from: 2008-05-07 Created: 2008-05-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Modelling and Applications of the Hollow Cathode Plasma
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling and Applications of the Hollow Cathode Plasma
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents experimental and modelling research on atmospheric pressure hollow cathodes and hollow electrodes. Experiments with the hybrid hollow electrode activated discharge (H-HEAD), which is a combination of a hollow cathode and a microwave plasma source, is presented. The experiments show that this source is able to produce long plasma columns in air and nitrogen at atmospheric pressure and at very low gas flow rates. Measurements of the vibrational temperature of the nitrogen molecules are also presented in this thesis. The vibrational temperature is an indication of the electron temperature in the plasma, an important characteristic of the plasma. Modelling work on the hollow cathode at atmospheric pressure with fluid equations is also presented. It is shown that the inclusion of fast and secondary electrons, characteristic of the hollow cathode plasmas, increases the sheath width. The sheath width was found to be of the order of 100 μm. By modelling the plasma as highly collisional by using the drift-diffusion approximation, it was shown that the increase in sheath thickness was larger at lower pressures than at higher pressures. Still, the sheath width can be of the order of 100 μm. A pulsed atmospheric plasma in a hollow electrode geometry was also modelled by the drift-diffusion fluid equations, with the addition of the energy equation for electrons. Rate and transport coefficients for the electrons were calculated from the solution to the Boltzmann equation as functions of mean electron energy. The dynamics of the plasma at pulse rise time showed large electron density and mean energy peaks at the cathode ends, but also that these quantities were enhanced at the centre of the discharge, between the cathode plates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008. 87 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 433
Keyword
Engineering physics, hollow cathode, hybrid plasma, vibrational temperature, atmospheric pressure, fluid modelling, radio frequency, pulsed power, Teknisk fysik
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8747 (URN)978-91-554-7206-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-05-28, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-07 Created: 2008-05-07 Last updated: 2010-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Baránková, HanaBárdos, Ladislav

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