A self-consistent upward leader propagation model
2006 (English)In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 39, no 16, 3708-3715 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The knowledge of the initiation and propagation of an upward moving connecting leader in the presence of a downward moving lightning stepped leader is a must in the determination of the lateral attraction distance of a lightning flash by any grounded structure. Even though different models that simulate this phenomenon are available in the literature, they do not take into account the latest developments in the physics of leader discharges. The leader model proposed here simulates the advancement of positive upward leaders by appealing to the presently understood physics of that process. The model properly simulates the upward continuous progression of the positive connecting leaders from its inception to the final connection with the downward stepped leader (final jump). Thus, the main physical properties of upward leaders, namely the charge per unit length, the injected current, the channel gradient and the leader velocity are self-consistently obtained. The obtained results are compared with an altitude triggered lightning experiment and there is good agreement between the model predictions and the measured leader current and the experimentally inferred spatial and temporal location of the final jump. It is also found that the usual assumption of constant charge per unit length, based on laboratory experiments, is not valid for lightning upward connecting leaders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 39, no 16, 3708-3715 p.
Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97285DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/39/16/028ISI: 000239613700040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97285DiVA: diva2:172151