Identification of lightning vulnerability points on complex grounded structures
2007 (English)In: Journal of Electrostatics, ISSN 0304-3886, Vol. 65, no 9, 562-570 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The identification of the most vulnerable points on a given structure to be struck by lightning is an important issue on the design of a reliable lightning protection system. Traditionally, these lightning strike points are identified using the rolling sphere method, through an empirical correlation with the prospective peak return stroke current. However, field observations in Kuala Lumpur and Singapore have shown that the points where lightning flashes strike buildings also depend on the height and geometry of the structure. Since a lightning strike point is believed to be the place on a grounded structure where a propagating upward leader is first initiated, a physical leader inception model is used here to estimate the background electric field required to initiate a stable upward leader from the corners of some complex buildings. The computed location of the points from where leaders are incepted are compared with the damaged points on buildings struck by lightning. The observed lightning strike points coincide rather well with the corners of the buildings which are characterized by lower leader inception electric fields. Furthermore, it is found that the geometry of the buildings significantly influences the conditions necessary to initiate upward leaders and, therefore, the location of the most likely strike points.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 65, no 9, 562-570 p.
Lightning, Lightning protection, Lightning strike points, Air terminals, External lighting protection systems
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97287DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2006.12.003ISI: 000248704500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97287DiVA: diva2:172153