Experimental results from a 12 kW vertical axis wind turbine with a direct driven PM synchronous generator
2007 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Experimental results from a three bladed vertical axis wind turbine with a direct driven PM synchronous generatorare presented. The H-rotor turbine, independent of wind direction, does not require any yaw mechanism.Furthermore, the variable speed, stall regulated turbine does not require pitch mechanism. The specifically designeddirectly driven generator eliminates the need for a gearbox. All electrical equipment, including generator, are placedon the ground. This reduces the weight that has to be supported by the structure and simplifies maintenance. Thus, theoverall strength of this concept is simplicity.The H-rotor has five meter long blades that are tapered at the tips. The aerodynamic torque is transferred to thegenerator via a 5.4 meter long drive shaft supported by a tower. A universal joint connects the drive shaft to thegenerator shaft, cancelling any transverse bending moments from the turbine on the generator. The generator acts as amotor to start up the turbine using a separate auxiliary winding. The turbine has a swept area of 30 m2 and is rated at12 kW in 12 m/s winds for 127 rpm.The turbine has been placed on a site where the wind resources have been extensively documented. The wind datarecord is more then ten years and includes data from various heights giving an accurate wind mapping of the area.The experimental aerodynamic power curve in turbulent wind conditions is presented. Considering the highlyturbulent wind conditions and the small size of the wind turbine these results are encouraging.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97453DiVA: diva2:172410
EWEC 2007 - European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition, Milan, Italy, May. 7-10, 2007