Intellectual deficits in children with ADHD beyond central executive and non-executive functions
2009 (English)In: Archives of clinical neuropsychology, ISSN 0887-6177, E-ISSN 1873-5843, Vol. 24, no 8, 769-782 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study aimed to specify the deficit in intellectual ability in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), by studying the mediating role of impairments in central executive function (EF)-related components (working memory, inhibition, sustained attention) and non-EFs (short-term memory and processing speed). Two hundred and thirty children aged 8-11 years from a population-based sample were assigned to either the ADHD group, the clinical comparison group, or the normal comparison group. The results showed that children with ADHD had poorer fluid and crystallized intelligence, relative to both comparison groups. Further, regarding fluid intelligence, these deficits were not fully mediated by, but rather went beyond, poorer functioning on the studied EF-related components and non-EFs. We tentatively interpret these fluid deficits in children with ADHD as representing deficiencies in a general intellectual resource reflecting executive attentional processes. Concerning crystallized ability, in contrast, the deficit signified impairment in the studied cognitive functions, as indicated by the significant full mediation effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 24, no 8, 769-782 p.
ADHD, Intelligence, Executive functions (EF)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97508DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acp075ISI: 000272172700006PubMedID: 19825866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97508DiVA: diva2:172486