Cross-fire doses from β-emitting radionuclides in targeted radiotherapy: A theoretical study based on experimentally measured tumor characteristics
2008 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, Vol. 53, no 7, 1909-1920 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A mathematical model based upon histological findings of cell cluster distributions in primary breast cancers and lymph node metastases was developed. The model is unique because it accounts for tumor cell cluster formations within both primary tumors and metastases. The importance of inter-cell cluster cross-fire radiation dose for beta-emitting radionuclides of different energies was studied. The cell clusters were simulated as spheres with 15, 25 and 50 microm radii having a homogeneous radioactivity distribution. The self-dose as well as the dose distribution around the spheres was calculated for seven radionuclides, (90)Y, (188)Re, (32)P, (186)Re, (159)Gd, (131)I and (177)Lu using the GEANT4 Monte Carlo code. Generally, the self-dose was decreasing with increasing energy of the emitted beta particles. An exception was (188)Re which, compared to (32)P, had higher beta energy as well as higher self-dose. This was due to the higher emission of conversion and Auger electrons in the (188)Re-decay. When the cell clusters had a mean distance that was shorter than the maximum range of beta-particles, then the inter-cluster cross-fire radiation contributed significantly to the absorbed dose. Thus, high-energy beta-particles may, in spite of a low self-dose to single clusters, still be favorable to use due to the contribution of inter-cluster cross-fire radiation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 53, no 7, 1909-1920 p.
Cancer, tumor, radiation, therapy
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97529DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/53/7/007ISI: 000254175900007PubMedID: 18364546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97529DiVA: diva2:172513