Self-esteem in children and adolescents with mobility impairment: impact on well-being and coping strategies
2009 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 98, no 3, 567-572 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: The first aim was to investigate dimension-specific and global self-esteem in children and adolescents with mobility impairment and to analyse the relation between self-esteem and demographic data and disability characteristics. The second aim was to identify the impact of five self-esteem dimensions on well-being and coping strategies. METHODS: A total of 138 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years with mobility impairment took part in a semi-structured interview. Demographic and disability characteristics were recorded and motor function was assessed. Self-esteem was measured by the 'I think I am' inventory. Perceived overall well-being was measured by a nine-grade visual scale, the Snoopy scale, and coping strategies by the Children's Coping Strategies Checklist. RESULTS: Although a majority estimated a relatively high level of dimension-specific and global self-esteem, several demographic and disability factors for lower self-esteem were identified. Those who estimated their 'physical characteristics' lower used the coping strategy 'distraction' more often. Three out of five dimensions of self-esteem were positively associated with perceived overall well-being: 'physical characteristics', 'psychological well-being' and 'relationships with others'. CONCLUSION: Awareness of vulnerability factors for lower self-esteem in children and adolescents with mobility impairment offer health care professionals specific opportunities to enhance self-esteem in this group.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 98, no 3, 567-572 p.
Adolescents, Children, Coping, Disability, Self-esteem, Well-being
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97554DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01081.xISI: 000262878200028PubMedID: 18976365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97554DiVA: diva2:172545