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Fusion Power Measurement Using a Combined Neutron Spectrometer - Camera System at ITER
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
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2008 (English)In: BURNING PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS / [ed] Orsitto FP, Gorini G, Sindoni E, Tardocchi M, New York: American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2008, Vol. CP988, 319-322 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A central task for fusion plasma diagnostics is to measure the 2.5 and 14 MeV neutron emission rate in order to determine the fusion power. A new method for determining the neutron yield has been developed at JET. It makes use of the magnetic proton recoil neutron spectrometer and a neutron camera and provides the neutron yield with small systematic errors. At ITER a similar system could operate if a high-resolution, high-performance neutron spectrometer similar to the MPR was installed. In this paper, we present how such system could be implemented and how well it would perform under different assumption of plasma scenarios and diagnostic capabilities. It is found that the systematic uncertainty for using such a system as an absolute calibration reference is as low as 3 % and hence it would be an excellent candidate for the calibration of neutron monitors such as fission chambers. It is also shown that the system could provide a 1 ms time resolved estimation of the neutron rate with a total uncertainty of 5 %.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2008. Vol. CP988, 319-322 p.
Series
AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X ; 988
Keyword [en]
fusion, diagnostics, neutron spectroscopy
National Category
Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97578DOI: 10.1063/1.2905090ISI: 000254687600051ISBN: 978-0-7354-0507-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97578DiVA: diva2:172576
Conference
International Conference on Burning Plasma Diagnostics Varenna, ITALY, SEP 24-28, 2007
Available from: 2008-10-03 Created: 2008-10-03 Last updated: 2016-04-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Neutron Spectroscopy: Instrumentation and Methods for Fusion Plasmas
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neutron Spectroscopy: Instrumentation and Methods for Fusion Plasmas
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When the heavy hydrogen isotopes deuterium (D) and tritium (T) undergo nuclear fusion large amounts of energy are released. At the Joint European Torus (JET) research is performed on how to harvest this energy. Two of the most important fusion reactions, d+d→3He+n (En = 2.5 MeV) and d+t→4He+n (En = 14 MeV), produce neutrons. This thesis investigates how measurements of these neutrons can provide information on the fusion performance.

The Magnetic Proton Recoil (MPR) neutron spectrometer has operated at JET since 1996. The spectrometer was designed to provide measurements on the 14 MeV neutron emission in DT operation, thereby conveying information on the state of the fuel ions. However, a majority of today’s fusion experiments are performed with pure D fuel. Under such conditions, the measurements with the MPR were severely hampered due to interfering background. This prompted an upgrade of the instrument. The upgrade, described in this thesis, included a new focal plane detector, a phoswich scintillator array, and new data acquisition electronics, based on transient recorder cards. This combination allows for pulse shape discrimination techniques to be applied and a signal to background of 5/1 has been achieved in measurements of the 2.5-MeV neutrons in D experiments. The upgrade also includes a new control and monitoring system, which enables the monitoring and correction of gain variations in the spectrometer’s photo multiplier tubes. Such corrections are vital for obtaining good data quality.

In addition, this thesis describes a new method for determining the total neutron yield and hence the fusion power by using a MPR spectrometer in combination with a neutron emission profile monitor. The system has been operated at JET both during DT and D experiments. It is found that the systematic uncertainties are considerably lower (≈6 %) than for traditional systems. For a dedicated system designed for the next generation fusion experiments, i.e, ITER, uncertainties of 4 % could be attained.

Neutron spectroscopy can also be an important tool for determining the neutron emission from residual tritium in D plasmas. This information is combined with other measurements at JET in order to determine the confinement of the 1 MeV tritons from the d+d→t+p reactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008. 74 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 556
Keyword
Neutron spectroscopy, plasma diagnostics, fusion power, fusion, plasma heating, MPRu, JET, triton burn-up, ITER, neutron yield, calibration
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-9296 (URN)978-91-554-7292-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-10-24, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-10-03 Created: 2008-10-03 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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