Moisturizers change the mRNA expression of enzymes synthesizing skin barrier lipids
2009 (English)In: Archives of Dermatological Research, ISSN 0340-3696, E-ISSN 1432-069X, Vol. 301, no 8, 587-594 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In a previous study, 7-week treatment of normal human skin with two test moisturizers, Complex cream and Hydrocarbon cream, was shown to affect mRNA expression of certain genes involved in keratinocyte differentiation. Moreover, the treatment altered transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in opposite directions. In the present study, the mRNA expression of genes important for formation of barrier lipids, i.e., cholesterol, free fatty acids and ceramides, was examined. Treatment with Hydrocarbon cream, which increased TEWL, also elevated the gene expression of GBA, SPTLC2, SMPD1, ALOX12B, ALOXE3, and HMGCS1. In addition, the expression of PPARG was decreased. On the other hand, Complex cream, which decreased TEWL, induced only the expression of PPARG, although not confirmed at the protein level. Furthermore, in the untreated skin, a correlation between the mRNA expression of PPARG and ACACB, and TEWL was found, suggesting that these genes are important for the skin barrier homeostasis. The observed changes further demonstrate that long-term treatment with certain moisturizers may induce dysfunctional skin barrier, and as a consequence several signaling pathways are altered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 301, no 8, 587-594 p.
Long-term treatment, Moisturizers, Skin barrier function, Gene expression, Arachidonate lipoxygenases, PPAR
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Dermatology and Venerology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97592DOI: 10.1007/s00403-009-0958-2ISI: 000269055000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97592DiVA: diva2:172596