Asthma control in primary care in Sweden: a comparison between 2001 and 2005
2009 (English)In: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 18, no 4, 279-286 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: To compare the degree of asthma control in 2001 and 2005 in a primary care setting in Sweden. METHOD: Two similar questionnaire surveys were performed in 2001 and 2005 with 1,012 and 224 asthma patients aged 18-45 randomly selected from 42 and 56 primary health care centres, respectively. A classification of asthma control similar to the GINA guidelines was made using information obtained from the questionnaire. RESULTS: In 2001, 36.6% had achieved asthma control, 23.8% were partly controlled and 39.6% uncontrolled. In 2005, the corresponding figures were 40.2%, 26.8% and 33.0%, respectively, with no difference between the two surveys (p=0.114). Uncontrolled asthma was more common in women (p<0.001 in the first and p<0.05 in the second survey) and smokers (p<0.01 in the first and p<0.01 in the second survey). The use of combination corticosteroid/long-acting bronchodilator inhalers had increased - 34.2% and 48.2%, respectively (p<0.001) - and many patients used their inhaled corticosteroids periodically. CONCLUSION: In spite of treatment guidelines many patients in Swedish primary care still have insufficient asthma control.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 18, no 4, 279-286 p.
Asthma, primary care, asthma control, GINA guideline, Sweden, questionnaire surveys
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97666DOI: 10.4104/pcrj.2009.00024PubMedID: 19455269OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97666DiVA: diva2:172694