Homogeneous amplified single-molecule detection: Characterization of key parameters
2007 (English)In: Analytical Biochemistry, ISSN 0003-2697, E-ISSN 1096-0309, Vol. 368, no 2, 230-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We recently presented a method that enables single-molecule enumeration by transforming specific molecular recognition events at nanometer dimensions to micrometer-sized DNA macromolecules. This transformation process is mediated by target-specific padlock probe ligation, followed by rolling circle amplification (RCA), resulting in the creation of one rolling circle product (RCP) for each recognized target. The transformation makes optical detection and quantification possible using standard fluorescence microscopy by counting the number of generated RCPs in a sample pumped through a microfluidic channel. In this study, we demonstrate that confocal volume definition is crucial to achieve high-precision measurements in the microfluidic quantification (coefficient of variance typically 3%). We further demonstrate that complementary sequence motifs between RCPs is only a weak inducer of aggregates and that all detection sites of the RCPs are occupied at detection oligonucleotide concentrations greater than 5 nM if hybridized in the proper buffer conditions. Therefore, the signal/noise ratio is limited by the number of detection sites. By increasing the density of detection sites in the RCP by a factor of 1.9, we show that the optical signal/noise level can be increased from 42 to 75.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 368, no 2, 230-238 p.
Single-molecule detection, Padlock probes, Rolling circle amplification
Medical and Health Sciences Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97692DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2007.05.001ISI: 000248821700013PubMedID: 17572370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97692DiVA: diva2:172730