Polar molecules in crystalline and surface environments: From first principles
1999 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
With the knowledge of the composition and structure of a chemical system, be it a molecule, a two-dimensional surface or a three-dimensional crystal, it is now possible to predict the specific properties of the compound under consideration via computational studies. Molecular and periodic Hartree-Fock and DFT calculations have been used as a tool to study polar molecules and how their properties respond to the molecular environment in a crystal or on an ionic surface. The investigation covers a range of molecules (HF, HC1, HCN, H2O, OH-, OH., N2, CO and LiF) with different net charges, dipole moments and polarisibility, and a range of crystals and crystalline surfaces: hydrogen-bonded, ionic and ferroelectric.
The step-wise build up of the molecular properties (geometries, energies, dipole moments, vibrational frequencies etc.) has been investigated. It was found that sorne molecular properties converge quickly towards the crystal value, others more slowly. Molecules adsorbed on a solid surface were studied as a function of adsorptionenergy, substrate and surface coverage. For the ionic surfaces studied here it was found that the properties of the chemi- and physisorbed molecules are as sensitive to the surface coverage as to the adsorption of the ad-molecule to the surface. The vibrational frequency shift of the ad-molecule has been given special attention.
Finally the spontaneous polarisation in two ferroelectric crystals was calculated within the Berry-phase approach.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 1999. , 38 p.
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 460
Research subject Inorganic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-984ISBN: 91-554-4491-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-984DiVA: diva2:173323
1999-05-28, Room 2001 at Ångström laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 14:15