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Ba'al i Gamla Testamentet
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Old and New Testament Exegesis, Old Testament Exegesis.
2008 (Swedish)In: Religion och Bibel, ISSN 0347-2302, Vol. 65/2006, 7-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the Old Testament, one can easily receive the impression that Baal is the main enemy of the God of Israel. Often this god Baal is regarded as a remainder of the pre-Israelite Canaanite religion.A survey of the epigraphic material with theophoric personal names shows us however that personal names with Baal are not very frequent, but are mainly concentrated to the city of Samaria.A careful examination of the biblical material shows us that Baal as a god, with very few exceptions, occurs only into two contexts. Baal in the actual sense, i.e. the Phoenician Baal Melqart, lord of the city, or perhaps Baal Shamem, lord of the sky, was worshiped during the ages of the Omri dynasty in Samaria in the ninth century. In addition the name Baal is used to represent the Assyrian and Babylonian gods during the seventh century, i.e. during the reign of king Manasseh.Consequently the worship of Baal is not a remainder of an old Canaanite religion in pre-Israelite Palestine, but is instead a foreign cultic influence with political undertones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nathan Söderblom-Sällskapet, 2008. Vol. 65/2006, 7-24 p.
Keyword [sv]
Ba'al, Hosea, Samuelsböckerna, Kungaböckerna, Jeremia, Sefanja
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Old Testament Exegesis
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98158OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-98158DiVA: diva2:173473
Utgiven år 2008Available from: 2009-02-16 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2010-12-17Bibliographically approved

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