Sensitive ELISA detection of amyloid-β protofibrils in biological samples
2007 (English)In: Journal of Neurochemistry, ISSN 0022-3042, E-ISSN 1471-4159, Vol. 103, no 1, 334-345 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Amyloid-β (Aβ) protofibrils are known intermediates of the in vitro Aβ aggregation process and the protofibrillogenic Arctic mutation (APPE693G) provides clinical support for a pathogenic role of Aβ protofibrils in Alzheimer's disease (AD). To verify their in vivo relevance and to establish a quantitative Aβ protofibril immunoassay, Aβ conformation dependent monoclonal antibodies were generated. One of these antibodies, mAb158 (IgG2a), was used in a sandwich ELISA to specifically detect picomolar concentrations of Aβ protofibrils without interference from Aβ monomers or the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The specificity and biological significance of this ELISA was demonstrated using cell cultures and transgenic mouse models expressing human APP containing the Swedish mutation (APPKN670/671ML), or the Swedish and Arctic mutation in combination. The mAb158 sandwich ELISA analysis revealed presence of Aβ protofibrils in both cell and animal models, proving that Aβ protofibrils are formed not only in vitro, but also in vivo. Furthermore, elevated Aβ protofibril levels in the Arctic-Swedish samples emphasize the usefulness of the Arctic mutation as a model of enhanced protofibril formation. This assay provides a novel tool for investigating the role of Aβ protofibrils in AD and has the potential of becoming an important diagnostic assay.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 103, no 1, 334-345 p.
Alzheimer's disease, Amyloid-β protofibril, Conformation-dependent antibody, Protofibril-specific ELISA
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Geriatrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98511DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2007.04759.xISI: 000249949700030PubMedID: 17623042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-98511DiVA: diva2:174744