Ultra-stable peptide scaffolds for protein engineering-synthesis and folding of the circular cystine knotted cyclotide cycloviolacin O2
2008 (English)In: ChemBioChem (Print), ISSN 1439-4227, E-ISSN 1439-7633, Vol. 9, no 1, 103-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The cyclic cystine knot motif, as defined by the cyclotide peptide family, is an attractive scaffold for protein engineering. To date, however, the utilisation of this scaffold has been limited by the inability to synthesise members of the most diverse and biologically active subfamily, the bracelet cyclotides. This study describes the synthesis and first direct oxidative folding of a bracelet cyclotide-cycloviolacin O2-and thus provides an efficient method for exploring the most potent cyclic cystine knot peptides. The linear chain of cycloviolacin O2 was assembled by solid-phase Fmoc peptide synthesis and cyclised by thioester-mediated native chemical ligation, and the inherent difficulties of folding bracelet cyclotides were successfully overcome in a single-step reaction. The folding pathway was characterised and was found to include predominating fully oxidised intermediates that slowly converted to the native peptide structure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 9, no 1, 103-113 p.
cyclotides, native chemical ligation, peptides, protein folding, synthesis, thioesters
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98767DOI: 10.1002/cbic.200700357ISI: 000252292200017PubMedID: 18058973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-98767DiVA: diva2:201121