Kinetic characterization of HCV NS3 inhibitors using an SPR biosensor
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
An SPR biosensor-based assay for studies of the interactions with full-length NS3 protease from hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been developed. It was used to characterize the interaction kinetics for a series of NS3 protease inhibitors. Moreover, the interaction between NS3 and the NS4A cofactor could be studied.
The KD of the NS3-NS4A interaction was 30 nM in the standard buffer. It was reduced 600-fold by increasing the ionic strength to 300 mM NaCl. By using surfaces with only NS3 or with NS3 and co-immobilised NS4A, the effect of this protein cofactor on the interaction with several protease inhibitors was investigated. NS4A increased the affinity for all compounds, between 2 to 40 times, indicating that the NS3-NS4A complex binds inhibitors better than only NS3. The obtained interaction data was also compared with inhibition data, revealing a very good correlation between koff or KD with Ki (r = 0.92 and r = 0.90 respectively) over a broad range of affinities and potencies, showing that this biosensor based assay is a good and powerful tool for detailed studies of NS3 protease inhibitors which can serve as a future cure for HCV infection.
Hepatitis C virus, NS3, NS4A, protease, biosensor, SPR, inhibition
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98863OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-98863DiVA: diva2:201396