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Sc2MgGa2 and Y2MgGa2
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry. (oorganisk kemi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry. (oorganisk kemi)
2009 (English)In: Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, ISSN 0108-2701, Vol. C65, no 3, i7-i8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scandium magnesium gallide, Sc2MgGa2, and yttrium magnesium gallide, Y2MgGa2, were synthesized from the corresponding elements by heating under an argon atmosphere in an induction furnace. These intermetallic compounds crystallize in the tetragonal Mo2FeB2-type structure. All three crystallographically unique atoms occupy special positions and the site symmetries of (Sc/Y, Ga) and Mg are m2m and 4/m, respectively. The coordinations around Sc/Y, Mg and Ga are pentagonal (Sc/Y), tetragonal (Mg) and triangular (Ga) prisms, with four (Mg) or three (Ga) additional capping atoms leading to the coordination numbers [10], [8+4] and [6+3], respectively. The crystal structure of Sc2MgGa2 was determined from single-crystal diffraction intensities and the isostructural Y2MgGa2 was identified from powder diffraction data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Union of Crystallography , 2009. Vol. C65, no 3, i7-i8 p.
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-99157DOI: 10.1107/S0108270109000766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-99157DiVA: diva2:202320
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2011-03-18
In thesis
1. Light-Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Light-Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Demands for zero greenhouse-gas emission vehicles have sharpened with today’s increased focus on global warming. Hydrogen storage is a key technology for the implementation of hydrogen powered vehicles. Metal hydrides can claim higher energy densities than alternative hydrogen storage materials, but a remaining challenge is to find a metal hydride which satisfies all current demands on practical usability. Several metals store large amounts of hydrogen by forming a metal hydride, e.g., Mg, Ti and Al. The main problems are the weight of the material and the reaction energy between the metal and hydrogen.

Magnesium has a high storage capacity (7.6 wt.% hydrogen) in forming MgH2; this is a slow reaction, but can be accelerated either by minimizing the diffusion length within the hydride or by changing the diffusion properties. Light-metal hydrides have been studied in this thesis with the goal of finding new hydrogen storage compounds and of gaining a better understanding of the parameters which determine their storage properties. Various magnesium-containing compounds have been investigated. These systems represent different ways to address the problems which arise in exploiting magnesium based materials. The compounds were synthesized in sealed tantalum tubes, and investigated by in situ synchrotron radiation X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, isothermal measurements, thermal desorption spectroscopy and electron microscopy.

It is demonstrated that hydrogen storage properties can be improved by alloying magnesium with yttrium or scandium. Mg-Y-compounds decompose in hydrogen to form MgH2 nano-structures. Hydrogen desorption kinetics are improved compared to pure MgH2. The influence of adding a third element, gallium or zinc has also been studied; it is shown that gallium improves hydrogen desorption from YH2. ScAl1-xMgx is presented here for the first time as a hydrogen storage material. It absorbs hydrogen by forming ScH2 and Al(Mg) in a fully reversible reaction. It is shown that the hydrogen desorption temperature of ScH2 is reduced by more than 400 °C by alloying with aluminium and magnesium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009. 56 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 666
Keyword
Metal-hydrogen compounds, hydrides, hydrogen storage, X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, thermal desorption spectroscopy
National Category
Chemical Sciences Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-107380 (URN)978-91-554-7585-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-09-25, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-09-04 Created: 2009-08-10 Last updated: 2009-09-04Bibliographically approved

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Sahlberg, Martin

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