The S0 state of the water oxidizing complex in photosystem II: pH dependence of the EPR Split signal, induction and mechanistic implications
2009 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 48, no 40, 9393-9404 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Water oxidation in photosystem II is catalyzed by the CaMn4 cluster. The electrons extracted from the CaMn4 cluster are transferred to P-680(+) via the redox-active tyrosine residue D1-Tyr161 (Y-Z). The oxidation of Y-Z is coupled to a deprotonation creating the neutral radical Y-Z(center dot). Light-induced oxidation of Y-Z is possible down to extreme temperatures. This call be observed as a split EPR signal from Y-Z(center dot) in a magnetic interaction with the CaMn4 cluster, offering a way to probe for Y-Z oxidation in active PSII. Here we have used the split S-0 EPR signal to study the mechanism of Y-Z oxidation at 5 K in the S-0 state. The state of the hydrogen bond between Y-Z and its proposed hydrogen bond partner D1-His190 is investigated by varying the pH. The split S-0 EPR signal was induced by illumination at 5 K between pH 3.9 and pH 9.0. Maximum signal intensity was observed between pH 6 and pH 7. On both the acidic and alkaline sides the signal intensity decreased with the apparent pK(a)s (pK(app)) similar to 4.8 and similar to 7.9, respectively. The illumination protocol used to induce the split S-0 EPR signal also induces a mixed radical signal in the g similar to 2 region. One part of this signal decays with similar kinetics as the split S-0 EPR signal (similar to 3 min, at 5 K) and is easily distinguished from a stable radical originating from Car/Chi. We suggest that this fast-decaying radical originates from Y-Z(center dot). The pH dependence of the light-induced fast-decaying radical was measured in the same pH range. as for the split S-0 EPR signal. The pK(app) for the light-induced fast-decaying radical was identical at acidic pH (similar to 4.8). At alkaline pH the behavior was more complex. Between pH 6.6 and pH 7.7 the signal decreased with pK(app) similar to 7.2. However, above pH 7.7 the induction of the radical species was pH independent. We compare our results with the pH dependence of the split S-1 EPR signal induced at 5 K and the S-0 -> S-1 and S-1 -> S-2 transitions at room temperature. The result allows mechanistic conclusions concerning differences between the hydrogen bond pattern around Y-Z in the S-0 and S-1 states.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Easton: American Chemical Society (ACS), 2009. Vol. 48, no 40, 9393-9404 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-99342DOI: 10.1021/bi901177wISI: 000270459100010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-99342DiVA: diva2:207650