Fibril protein fragmentation pattern in systemic AL-amyloidosis
2009 (English)In: Journal of Pathology, ISSN 0022-3417, E-ISSN 1096-9896, Vol. 219, no 4, 473-480 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Immunoglobulin light chain (AL)-amyloidosis was one of the first types of amyloidosis discovered and still little is known about its pathogenic mechanisms. One major obstacle is the very heterogeneous condition; in fact, every patient could be considered to have their own disease since symptoms and outcome vary enormously. The reason for this is not known but intrinsic factors of the immunoglobulin light chain (LC) and the fact that every LC is unique seem to be important. Post-translational modifications such as glycosylation and proteolysis are most certainly involved. By using western blotting, we studied in detail the proteolytic pattern in six patients with AL-amyloidosis of kappa type with the aid of three peptide antisera against two domains in the constant segment and one conserved domain in framework 3 of the variable region. Materials from one to five organs were analysed. The result clearly demonstrates that the fragmentation pattern was similar in amyloid of different organs in one patient but differed greatly between patients. Full-length, N-, and C-terminal fragments were detected with the three antisera. The results strongly support the hypothesis that proteolytic cleavage occurs after fibril formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 219, no 4, 473-480 p.
light chain amyloidosis, LC, immunoglobulin light chain, SDS-PAGE, western blot, protein fragment
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Pathology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-100253DOI: 10.1002/path.2607ISI: 000272720200011PubMedID: 19771564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-100253DiVA: diva2:209972