Histone acetylation and methylation at sites initiating divergent polycistronic transcription in Trypanosoma cruzi
2008 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, Vol. 283, no 23, 15884-15892 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Trypanosomes are ancient eukaryotic parasites in which the protein-coding genes, organized in large polycistronic clusters on both strands, are transcribed from as yet unidentified promoters. In an effort to reveal transcriptional initiation sites, we examined the Trypanosoma cruzi genome for histone modification patterns shown to be linked to active genes in various organisms. Here, we show that acetylated and methylated histones were found to be enriched at strand switch regions of divergent gene arrays, not at convergent clusters or intra- and intergenic regions within clusters. The modified region showed a bimodular profile with two peaks centered over the 5'-regions of the gene pair flanking the strand switch region. This pattern, which demarcates polycistronic transcription units originating from bidirectional initiation sites, is likely to be common in kinetoplastid parasites as well as in other organisms with polycistronic transcription. In contrast, no acetylation was found at promoters of the highly expressed rRNA and spliced leader genes or satellite DNA or at tested retrotransposonal elements. These results reveal, for the first time, the presence of specific epigenetic marks in T. cruzi with potential implications for transcriptional regulation; they indicate that both histone modifications and bidirectional transcription are evolutionarily conserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 283, no 23, 15884-15892 p.
Trypanosoma cruzi, histones, transcription, strand-switch regions
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-99850DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M802081200ISI: 000256332500047PubMedID: 18400752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-99850DiVA: diva2:210554