Effects of CYP7B1-mediated catalysis on estrogen receptor activation.
2010 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, ISSN 1388-1981, E-ISSN 1388-1918, Vol. 1801, no 9, 1090-1097 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Most of the many biological effects of estrogens are mediated via the estrogen receptors ER alpha and beta. The current study examines the role of CYP7B1-mediated catalysis for activation of ER. Several reports suggest that CYP7B1 may be important for hormonal action but previously published studies are contradictory concerning the manner in which CYP7B1 affects ER beta-mediated response. In the current study, we examined effects of several CYP7B1-related steroids on ER activation, using an estrogen response element (ERE) reporter system. Our studies showed significant stimulation of ER by 5-androstene-3 beta,17 beta-diol (Aene-diol) and 5 alpha-androstane-3 beta,17 beta-diol (3 beta-Adiol). In contrast, the CYP7B1-formed metabolites from these steroids did not activate the receptor, indicating that CYP7B1-mediated metabolism abolishes the ER-stimulating effect of these compounds. The mRNA level of HEM45, a gene known to be stimulated by estrogens, was strongly up-regulated by Aene-diol but not by its CYP7B1-formed metabolite, further supporting this concept. We did not observe stimulation by dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) or 7 alpha-hydroxy-DHEA, previously suggested to affect ER beta-mediated response. As part of these studies we examined metabolism of Aene-diol in pig liver which is high in CYP7B1 content These experiments indicate that CYP7B1-mediated metabolism of Aene-diol is of a similar rate as the metabolism of the well-known CYP7B1 substrates DHEA and 3 beta-Adiol. CYP7B1-mediated metabolism of 3 beta-Adiol has been proposed to influence ER beta-mediated growth suppression. Our results indicate that Aene-diol also might be important for ER-related pathways. Our data indicate that low concentrations of Aene-diol can trigger ER-mediated response equally well for both ER alpha and beta and that CYP7B1-mediated conversion of Aene-diol into a 7 alpha-hydroxymetabolite will result in loss of action.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 1801, no 9, 1090-1097 p.
CYP7B1, estrogen, hydroxylation, steroid metabolism, ER-mediated response
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-100776DOI: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2010.05.011ISI: 000280627800012PubMedID: 20553962OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-100776DiVA: diva2:210974