Noonan syndrome and Neurofibromatosis type I in a family with a novel mutation in NF1
2009 (English)In: Clinical Genetics, ISSN 0009-9163, E-ISSN 1399-0004, Vol. 76, no 6, 524-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Noonan Syndrome (NS) and Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) belong to a group of clinically related disorders that share a common pathogenesis, dysregulation of the RAS-MAPK pathway. NS is characterized by short stature, heart defect, pectus deformity and facial dysmorphism, while skin manifestations, skeletal defects, Lisch nodules and neurofibromas are characteristic of NF1. Both disorders display considerable clinical variability. Features of NS have been observed in individuals with NF1 - a condition known as Neurofibromatosis-Noonan Syndrome (NFNS). The major gene causing NFNS is NF1. Rarely, a mutation in PTPN11 in addition to an NF1 mutation is present.
We present the clinical and molecular characterization of a family displaying features of both NS and NF1, with complete absence of neurofibromas. To investigate the etiology of the phenotype, mutational analysis of NF1 was conducted, revealing a novel missense mutation in exon 24, p.L1390F, affecting the GAP-domain. Additional RAS-MAPK pathway genes were examined, but no additional mutations were identified. We confirm that NF1 mutations are involved in the etiology of NFNS. Furthermore, based on our results and previous studies we suggest that evaluation of the GAP-domain of NF1 should be prioritized in NFNS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 76, no 6, 524-534 p.
mutation, Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome, NFNS, Noonan syndrome, RAS-MAPK
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Clinical Genetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-100777DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2009.01233.xISI: 000272128300006PubMedID: 19845691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-100777DiVA: diva2:210980