A novel graded bioactive high adhesion implant coating
2009 (English)In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 255, no 17, 7723-7728 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
One method to increase the clinical success rate of metal implants is to increase their bone bonding properties, i.e. to develop a bone bioactive surface leading to reduced risks of interfacial problems. Much research has been devoted to modifying the surface of metals to make them become bioactive. Many of the proposed methods include depositing a coating on the implant. However, there is a risk of coating failure due to low substrate adhesion. This paper describes a method to obtain bioactivity combined with a high coating adhesion via a gradient structure of the coating. Gradient coatings were deposited on Ti (grade 5) using reactive magnetron sputtering with increasing oxygen content. To increase the grain size in the coating, all coatings were post annealed at 385 degrees C. The obtained coating exhibited a gradual transition over 70 nm from crystalline titanium oxide (anatase) at the surface to metallic Ti in the substrate, as shown using cross-section transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy depth pro. ling. Using scratch testing, it could be shown that the adhesion to the substrate was well above 1 GPa. The bioactivity of the coating was verified in vitro by the spontaneous formation of hydroxylapatite upon storage in phosphate buffer solution at 37 degrees C for one week. The described process can be applied to implants irrespective of bulk metal in the base and should introduce the possibility to create safer permanent implants like reconstructive devices, dental, or spinal implants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 255, no 17, 7723-7728 p.
Implants, Coatings, Titanium oxide, XPS, XRD, TEM, Bioactivity, Adhesion
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-102109DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.04.149ISI: 000266567400045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-102109DiVA: diva2:214350