Investigation of groundwater resources using controlled-source radio magnetotellurics (CSRMT) in glacial deposits in Heby, Sweden
2011 (English)In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, ISSN 0926-9851, Vol. 73, no 1, 74-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have combined tensor radio magnetotelluric- (RMT, 15-250. kHz) and controlled source tensor magnetotelluric (CSTMT, 1-12. kHz) data for the mapping of aquifers in gravel formations lying in between crystalline bedrock and clay rich sediments in the Heby area some 40. km west of Uppsala in Sweden. The estimated transfer functions, the impedance tensor and the tipper vector generally satisfy 1D or 2D necessary conditions except for the lowest CSTMT frequencies where near field effects become more dominant.The data measured from 8 profiles were inverted with the Rebocc code of Siripunvaraporn and Egbert (2000) assuming plane wave conditions. This meant that only 12 frequencies in the range of 4-180kHz could be used. The four lowest frequencies of CSTMT in the range of 1-2.8kHz were excluded because of source effects. Data from all profiles were inverted with a starting model of 100Ω-m and a relative error floor of 0.02 on apparent resistivity, corresponding to less than 1° on phase. Tipper vectors are generally small except when source effects become dominant in the lowest frequencies of CSTMT and were therefore not used for inversion. Comparing with models derived from vertical electrical soundings, refraction and reflection seismic data as well as ground truth from exploration wells assessed the reliability of the deep part of the models. Furthermore we carried out a non-linear resolution analysis to better quantify the depth extent of the aquifers.The inverted models from the Heby area show well the thickness variations of glacial deposits overlying crystalline bedrock. Generally, the upper 20. m of the models have resistivities below 40 Ω-m, taken to represent clay rich formations. Below the clay layer resistivities increase to about 40-400 Ω-m, interpreted to represent sand/gravel formations with a maximum thickness of about 40. m and a width of several hundred metres. This is a potential aquifer that extends in approximately N-S direction for some kilometres.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 73, no 1, 74-83 p.
Controlled source, Radio magnetotelluric, Electromagnetic, Sediments, Resistivity
Research subject Earth Science with specialization in Environmental Analysis; Hydrology; Geophysics with specialization in Solid Earth Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-102739DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2010.11.008ISI: 000287275100010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-102739DiVA: diva2:216661