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Patterns of language and auditory dysfunction in 6-year-old children with epilepsy
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
2009 (English)In: Uppsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 114, no 2, 82-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In a previous study we reported difficulty with expressive language and visuoperceptual ability in preschool children with epilepsy and otherwise normal development. The present study analysed speech and language dysfunction for each individual in relation to epilepsy variables, ear preference, and intelligence in these children and described their auditory function. Twenty 6-year-old children with epilepsy (14 females, 6 males; mean age 6:5 y, range 6 y-6 y 11 mo) and 30 reference children without epilepsy (18 females, 12 males; mean age 6:5 y, range 6 y-6 y 11 mo) were assessed for language and auditory ability. Low scores for the children with epilepsy were analysed with respect to speech-language domains, type of epilepsy, site of epileptiform activity, intelligence, and language laterality. Auditory attention, perception, discrimination, and ear preference were measured with a dichotic listening test, and group comparisons were performed. Children with left-sided partial epilepsy had extensive language dysfunction. Most children with partial epilepsy had phonological dysfunction. Language dysfunction was also found in children with generalized and unclassified epilepsies. The children with epilepsy performed significantly worse than the reference children in auditory attention, perception of vowels and discrimination of consonants for the right ear and had more left ear advantage for vowels, indicating undeveloped language laterality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 114, no 2, 82-89 p.
Keyword [en]
Auditory dysfunction, childhood epilepsy, dichotic listening, language dysfunction
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-102780DOI: 10.1080/03009730802635927ISI: 000265454800003PubMedID: 19396694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-102780DiVA: diva2:216752
Available from: 2009-05-11 Created: 2009-05-11 Last updated: 2010-07-30Bibliographically approved

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