Regulation of autoimmune encephalomyelitis by toll-like receptors
2009 (English)In: Autoimmunity Reviews, ISSN 1568-9972, E-ISSN 1873-0183, Vol. 8, no 6, 506-509 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a Th17-mediated autoimmune disease and an animal model for multiple sclerosis (MS). Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) contains pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that bind toll-like receptors (TLRs), and is necessary to induce EAE. Upstream TLR signals modify innate and adaptive immune responses in EAE. In detail, the common TLR adaptor molecule MyD88 is necessary for induction of EAE, and mediates activation of peripheral myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and differentiation of autoimmune Th17 cells. The stimulatory TLRs have not yet been identified for Th17 cells. TLR4 down regulates disease severity in EAE and Th17 cell responses, but promotes Th1 cell responses, which may inhibit the differentiation of Th17 cells. Moreover, treatment with a TLR4 ligand tolerizes mice and prevents EAE. TLR9 down regulates disease severity in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced EAE, whereas it promotes disease in MOG(35-55)-induced EAE. Thus MyD88, TLR4 and TLR9 modify the disease process in EAE. Both endogenous and CFA-derived TLR ligands are implicated to modulate the disease process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 8, no 6, 506-509 p.
central nervous system, b-cells, multiple-sclerosis, innate immunity
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-102744DOI: 10.1016/j.autrev.2009.01.006ISI: 000266683100013PubMedID: 19211042ISBN: 1873-0183 (Electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-102744DiVA: diva2:216785