Hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic live donor nephrectomy: experience from the first 75 consecutive cases
2005 (English)In: Transplantation, ISSN 0041-1337, Vol. 80, no 8, 1060-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: The two major life-threatening complications associated with laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy are sudden severe bleeding and intestinal injury. A combined technique-hand-assisted and retroperitoneoscopic (HARS)-reduces the risk of these life-threatening complications. In this study, we report on our experience from the first 75 consecutive HARS operations. METHODS: The data has been collected prospectively according to intention to treat and includes all consecutive donors operated with the HARS technique. Warm ischemia time, operating time, and blood loss were recorded. Complications, convalescence, and allograft outcome were followed postoperatively with a mean follow-up of 701 (range 60-1438) days. RESULTS: The mean operating time was 138 (range 85-260) minutes and the mean warm ischemia time 175 (85-510) seconds. The operative time was significantly longer in male donors. The mean bleeding was 176 (50-700) ml. There were no conversions to open surgery. Major complications comprised one pulmonary embolus and one donor required 2 units of blood transfusion. One donor was reoperated due to suspicion of trocar hernia. Nine patients experienced minor complications (fever, n=4; urinary tract infection, n=2; chylous ascites, n=1; orchialgia, n=1; subcostal pain, n=1). All except two kidneys had immediate onset of function. Neither of these could, however, be attributed to the donor operation. One recipient experienced urinary leakage and one a stenosis. Recipient and graft survival were 99% and 96%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that HARS facilitates the procedure by enabling short operating times and at the same time significantly reducing the risks associated with endoscopic live donor nephrectomy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 80, no 8, 1060-6 p.
Hand assistance, Hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy (HARS), Live donor nephrectomy, Living donors, Morbidity, Safety
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-103343PubMedID: 16278586OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-103343DiVA: diva2:218075