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Disability in adult survivors of childhood cancer: a Swedish national cohort study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Allmänpediatrisk forskning/ Nordvall)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Oncology, ISSN 0732-183X, E-ISSN 1527-7755, Vol. 25, no 33, 5262-5266 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: We studied the effects of childhood or adolescent cancer and cancer treatment on disability as indicated by persistent aid needs in adult life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 2,503 survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed before their 16th birthday were studied with data from registers in a national cohort of 1.91 million Swedish residents. Disability indicators were created from information in national registers about income (sickness pension, handicap allowance), personal assistance, and family situation in 2002. Multivariate logistic regression on the log scale was used to estimate relative risk (RR) ratios. RESULTS: A total of 7.6% of survivors received handicap allowance indicating permanent disability, including brain tumors (14.0%), other solid tumors (6.3), and leukemias/lymphomas (2.9%), compared with 0.6% in the general population. Twenty-six percent of survivors of CNS tumor and 10% of survivors of solid tumors had at least one indication of a disability. Younger age at diagnosis suggested a higher risk for disability. CNS tumor survivors had an RR of 10.7 (95% CI, 9.3 to 12.8) for having at least one disability indication compared with the noncancer population, whereas leukemia and lymphoma survivors had an RR of 3.0, and survivors of other cancers had an RR of 3.8. Survivors of CNS tumor only had an increased RR for living in the parental household (RR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.4 to 1.9). CONCLUSION: Childhood cancer survivors more often have persistent needs of supportive measures provided by community and/or the parental household. The survivors of CNS tumors were at particular risk, indicating a need of safer treatment protocols, and tailored follow-up, prevention, and rehabilitation to address this persistent social disability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 25, no 33, 5262-5266 p.
Keyword [en]
Europe, Human, Cancerology, Cohort study, Sweden, Child, Survivor, Malignant tumor, Adult, Disability, Cancer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-103454DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2007.12.3802PubMedID: 18024873OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-103454DiVA: diva2:218236
Available from: 2009-05-19 Created: 2009-05-19 Last updated: 2010-04-26Bibliographically approved

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