Neurochemical characterization of neuronal populations expressing protein kinase C gamma isoform in the spinal cord and gracile nucleus of the rat
2008 (English)In: Neuroscience, ISSN 0306-4522, E-ISSN 1873-7544, Vol. 153, no 2, 507-517 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Protein kinase C gamma (PKCgamma) is widely distributed throughout the CNS and is thought to play a role in long term hyper-excitability in nociceptive neurones. Here, we provide the first report of PKCgamma cells in the dorsal column nuclei of the adult rat. Retrograde labeling of PKCgamma cells from the thalamus with choleragenoid revealed that 25% of the PKCgamma positive gracile cells projected to the thalamus. Further, we have characterized the distribution of PKCgamma within gracile nucleus in terms of colocalization with various neurotransmitter receptors or enzymes and calcium binding proteins, and compared this with PKCgamma colocalization in cells of laminae I-III of the spinal cord. We show that approximately 90% of the PKCgamma cells in the gracile nucleus and 60% in the dorsal horn were immuno-positive for the AMPA receptor subunit glutamate 2/3 (GluR2/3). Little coexpression was seen with neurokinin 1 receptor, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the AMPA receptor subunit GluR1, markers of distinct neuronal subpopulations. In the spinal cord, a quarter of PKCgamma cells expressed calbindin, but very few cells did so in the gracile nucleus. Electrical stimulation at c-fiber strength of the normal or injured sciatic nerve was used to induce c-fos as a marker of postsynaptic activation in the spinal cord and gracile nucleus. Quantitative analysis of the number of PKCgamma positive gracile cells that expressed also c-fos increased from none to 24% after injury, indicating an alteration in the sensory activation pattern in these neurones after injury. C-fos was not induced in inner lamina II following c-fiber electrical stimulation of the intact or axotomized sciatic nerve, indicating no such plasticity at the spinal cord level. As dorsal column nuclei cells may contribute to allodynia after peripheral nerve injury, pharmacological modulation of PKCgamma activity may therefore be a possible way to ameliorate neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 153, no 2, 507-517 p.
glutamate receptor, NOS, calbindin, axotomy, c-fos, dorsal column nuclei
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-103864DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.01.082ISI: 000255763800016PubMedID: 18387748OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-103864DiVA: diva2:218862