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Nck adapters are involved in the formation of dorsal ruffles, cell migration, and Rho signaling downstream of the platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X5, Canada.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
Department of Microbiology, Tumour and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institute, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, Vol. 283, no 44, 30034-30044 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The SH3 and SH2 domain-containing adapter proteins Nck1 and Nck2 are known to function downstream of activated tyrosine kinase receptors, such as the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors. The SH2 domain of Nck1 binds to phosphorylated tyrosine residue 751 in PDGFbeta receptor and has been suggested to have a role in the PDGF-induced mobilization of the actin filament system. Because Tyr-751 is a site for additional receptor interactors, it has been difficult to discriminate the signaling from Nck from signaling via other molecules. For this reason we have used mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from mice in which the genes for Nck1 and Nck2 have been inactivated by gene targeting (knock-out (KO) cells). The mutant cells had a reduced ability to form edge ruffles in response to PDGF, and the presence of Nck was obligatory for the formation of dorsal ruffles. In addition, the KO cells had a reduced chemotactic and migratory potential. Importantly, KO cells had reduced cell attachment properties and a reduced ability to form focal adhesions in response to serum stimulation. Moreover, signaling involving the Rho GTPases was defective in KO cells. In summary, our observations suggest that the Nck adapters are needed for signaling to Rho GTPases and actin dynamics downstream of the PDGFbeta receptor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , 2008. Vol. 283, no 44, 30034-30044 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-103935DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M800913200ISI: 000260366900048PubMedID: 18765673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-103935DiVA: diva2:219051
Available from: 2009-05-26 Created: 2009-05-26 Last updated: 2009-09-23Bibliographically approved

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