The kinetics of ribosomal peptidyl transfer revisited
2008 (English)In: Molecular Cell, ISSN 1097-2765, Vol. 30, no 5, 589-598 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The speed of protein synthesis determines the growth rate of bacteria. Current biochemical estimates of the rate of protein elongation are small and incompatible with the rate of protein elongation in the living cell. With a cell-free system for protein synthesis, optimized for speed and accuracy, we have estimated the rate of peptidyl transfer from a peptidyl-tRNA in P site to a cognate aminoacyl-tRNA in A site at various temperatures. We have found these rates to be much larger than previously measured and fully compatible with the speed of protein elongation for E. coli cells growing in rich medium. We have found large activation enthalpy and small activation entropy for peptidyl transfer, similar to experimental estimates of these parameters for A site analogs of aminoacyl-tRNA. Our work has opened a useful kinetic window for biochemical studies of protein synthesis, bridging the gap between in vitro and in vivo data on ribosome function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 30, no 5, 589-598 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104034DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.04.010ISI: 000256644100009PubMedID: 18538657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104034DiVA: diva2:219268