Probing the substrate specificity of the dengue virus type 2 NS3 serine protease by using internally quenched fluorescent peptides
2006 (English)In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 397, no 1, 203-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The NS3 (dengue virus non-structural protein 3) serine protease of dengue virus is an essential component for virus maturation, thus representing an attractive target for the development of antiviral drugs directed at the inhibition of polyprotein processing. In the present study, we have investigated determinants of substrate specificity of the dengue virus NS3 protease by using internally quenched fluorogenic peptides containing Abz (o-aminobenzoic acid; synonymous to anthranilic acid) and 3-nitrotyrosine (nY) representing both native and chimaeric polyprotein cleavage site sequences. By using this combinatorial approach, we were able to describe the substrate preferences and determinants of specificity for the dengue virus NS2B(H)-NS3pro protease. Kinetic parameters (kcat/K(m)) for the hydrolysis of peptide substrates with systematic truncations at the prime and non-prime side revealed a length preference for peptides spanning the P4-P3' residues, and the peptide Abz-RRRRSAGnY-amide based on the dengue virus capsid protein processing site was discovered as a novel and efficient substrate of the NS3 protease (kcat/K(m)=11087 M(-1) x s(-1)). Thus, while having confirmed the exclusive preference of the NS3 protease for basic residues at the P1 and P2 positions, we have also shown that the presence of basic amino acids at the P3 and P4 positions is a major specificity-determining feature of the dengue virus NS3 protease. Investigation of the substrate peptide Abz-KKQRAGVLnY-amide based on the NS2B/NS3 polyprotein cleavage site demonstrated an unexpected high degree of cleavage efficiency. Chimaeric peptides with combinations of prime and non-prime sequences spanning the P4-P4' positions of all five native polyprotein cleavage sites revealed a preponderant effect of non-prime side residues on the K(m) values, whereas variations at the prime side sequences had higher impact on kcat.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 397, no 1, 203-211 p.
Anthranilic Acids/chemistry, Dengue Virus/*enzymology, Escherichia coli, Fluorescence, Peptide Library, RNA Helicases/metabolism, Serine, Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism, Substrate Specificity, Tyrosine/analogs & derivatives/chemistry, Viral Nonstructural Proteins/*metabolism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104268DOI: 10.1042/BJ20051767PubMedID: 16489931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104268DiVA: diva2:219583