Iodixanol, Constriction of Medullary Descending Vasa Recta, and Risk for Contrast Medium-induced Nephropathy
2009 (English)In: Radiology, ISSN 0033-8419, E-ISSN 1527-1315, Vol. 251, no 3, 697-704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: To determine whether a type of contrast medium (CM), iodixanol, modifies outer medullary descending vasa recta (DVR) vasoreactivity and nitric oxide (NO) production in isolated microperfused DVR. Materials and Methods: Animal handling conformed to the Animal Care Committee Guidelines of all participating institutions. Single specimens of DVR were isolated from rats and perfused with a buffered solution containing iodixanol. A concentration of 23 mg of iodine per milliliter was chosen to mimic that expected to be used in usual examinations in humans. Luminal diameter was determined by using video microscopy, and NO was measured by using fluorescent techniques. Results: Iodixanol led to 52% reduction of DVR luminal diameter, a narrowing that might interfere with passage of erythrocytes in vivo. Vasoconstriction induced by angiotensin II was enhanced by iodixanol. Moreover, iodixanol decreased NO bioavailability by more than 82%. Use of 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (a superoxide dismutase mimetic) prevented both vasoconstriction with iodixanol alone and increased constriction with angiotensin II caused by CM. Conclusion: Iodixanol in doses typically used for coronary interventions constricts DVR, intensifies angiotensin II-induced constriction, and reduces bioavailability of NO. CM-induced nephropathy may be related to these events and scavenging of reactive oxygen species might exert a therapeutic benefit by preventing the adverse effects that a CM has on medullary perfusion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 251, no 3, 697-704 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104356DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2513081732ISI: 000268362700011PubMedID: 19366904OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104356DiVA: diva2:219682