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Eosinophil cationic protein stimulates migration of human lung fibroblasts in vitro
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Chemistry. (Inflammation)
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2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0300-9475, E-ISSN 1365-3083, Vol. 69, no 4, 381-386 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Asthma is characterized by eosinophilic inflammation and remodelling of the airways. Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is a protein released by activated eosinophils and the hypothesis that ECP contributes to the development of structural changes in the airways of asthmatics has been posed. Fibroblast recruitment is an important step in the remodelling process, and we therefore put the question whether ECP stimulates migration of human lung fibroblasts. Human peripheral eosinophils isolated from buffycoats from healthy individuals were cultured and conditioned media (CM) were collected. Native ECP was extracted from human peripheral eosinophils by gel filtration, ion-exchange and chelating chromatography. The ability of eosinophil CM and ECP to stimulate fibroblast migration was determined using the 48-well Boyden chamber. ECP concentrations in CM were assayed by ECP-CAP-FEIA. Both CM and ECP significantly stimulated fibroblast migration (48.4+/-cells/field versus 33+/-2 and 36+/-6 versus 25+/-4; P<0.001 and 0.05 respectively) in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Adding neutralizing ECP antibodies attenuated fibroblast migration induced by both ECP as well as CM. ECP stimulates migration of human lung fibroblasts, suggesting a potential mechanism for eosinophils in the fibrotic response. This may be an important mechanism by which ECP promotes remodelling of extracellular matrix leading to airway fibrosis in asthmatics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 69, no 4, 381-386 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104464DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3083.2009.02233.xISI: 000263911100013PubMedID: 19284504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104464DiVA: diva2:219834
Available from: 2009-05-28 Created: 2009-05-28 Last updated: 2010-08-24Bibliographically approved

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