Carrier bound templates for single tube reverse transcriptase assays and for combined purification and activity analyses, with special reference to HIV
1991 (English)In: Biotechnology and applied biochemistry, ISSN 0885-4513, E-ISSN 1470-8744, Vol. 13, no 1, 127-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Polyriboadenosine (prA) was coupled to polycarbonate macrobeads or magnetic beads. The efficiency of the beads and of prA-Sepharose, after priming with odT, as templates in activity assays of purified AMV- and HIV-reverse transcriptase (RT), using [125I]iododeoxyuridine-triphosphate as substrate, was studied. Although the use of immobilized templates, compared with soluble template, resulted in a decreased total molar turnover, it did not affect the sensitivity of the assay for detecting RT. The utility of the new assay was analyzed by mixing purified AMV- or HIV-Rt with different dilutions of the untreated clinical specimen. This showed that RT activity was unaffected by 100 microliters of an extract of whole blood cells resuspended to their original blood volume and diluted 1/64, and also by 100 microliters of serum diluted 1/64. To improve the utility of the assay at the inhibitory concentrations of clinical specimens, the following procedure was adopted: the sample to be analyzed was incubated with the carrier bound template in order to allow the RT to bind, the carrier was washed to remove inhibitory factors, and the reaction components were then added to determine the amount of bound RT. This procedure greatly enhanced the recovery of RT activity from crude specimens and made the direct detection of HIV-RT possible. The assay is easily automated and useful for RT determination in multiple samples and for determining RT-inhibiting substances such as substrate analogs and antibodies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1991. Vol. 13, no 1, 127-142 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104583DOI: 10.1111/j.1470-8744.1991.tb00148.xISI: A1991EW55900015PubMedID: 1711325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104583DiVA: diva2:219960