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The "inverted cup": a novel in vitro release technique for drugs in lipid formulations
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Division of Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy. (Hammarlund-Udenaes)
2006 (English)In: Journal of Controlled Release, ISSN 0168-3659, E-ISSN 1873-4995, Vol. 113, no 1, 80-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to develop a membrane-free in vitro release method for drugs in lipid formulations. It was intended to be applicable to as wide a range as possible of preparations, independently of their polarity and viscosity. The principle of the novel technique is to keep the sample suspended in the release medium in an inverted glass cup, allowing a possible phase transition or swelling. Thirteen formulations containing bupivacaine, lidocaine and/or prilocaine in lipid vehicles with different physical properties were prepared and examined. When possible, in vitro release profiles obtained by the new method were compared to profiles obtained by earlier techniques. For three formulations of either bupivacaine or lidocaine in polar lipid formulations, in vitro release profiles were evaluated in relation to in vivo data, from nerve block and pharmacokinetic studies in rats. Preparations that could be investigated both by the "inverted cup" and by the earlier published "single drop" technique generally showed good agreement between the two release profiles. In the case of the polar lipid formulations, arterial blood concentration curves in rats could reasonably be predicted from the in vitro release profiles. In conclusion, the "inverted cup" technique should potentially be applicable to a wide range of lipid formulations of drugs, both for physico-chemical characterisation and for obtaining in vitro - in vivo correlations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 113, no 1, 80-88 p.
Keyword [en]
Parenteral depot formulations, In vitro release, In vitro/in vivo correlation, Sciatic nerve block, Local anaesthetics
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104686DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2006.03.015ISI: 000238964700011PubMedID: 16697069OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104686DiVA: diva2:220061
Available from: 2009-05-29 Created: 2009-05-29 Last updated: 2010-11-15Bibliographically approved

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