Highly selective artificial gel antibodies for detection and quantification of biomarkers in clinical samples: I. Spectrophotometric approach to design the calibration curve for the quantification
2008 (English)In: Journal of Separation Science, ISSN 1615-9306, E-ISSN 1615-9314, Vol. 31, no 22, 3945-3953 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
High selectivity of a biomarker is a basic requirement when it is used for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of a disease. The artificial gel antibodies, which we synthesise by a molecular imprinting method, have this property not only for proteins, but also for bioparticles, such as viruses and bacteria. However, diagnosis of a disease requires not only that the biomarker can be "fished out" from a body fluid with high selectivity, but also that its concentration in the sample can rapidly be determined and preferably by a simple technique. This paper deals primarily with the development of a spectrophotometric method, which is so simple and fast that it can be used with advantage in a Doctor's Office. The development of this method was not straight-forward. However, by modifications of the performance of these measurements we can now design standard curves in the form of a straight line, when we plot the true (not the recorded "apparent" absorption) against known protein concentrations. In an additional publication (see the following paper in this issue of JSS) we show an application of such a plot: determination of the concentration of albumin in serum and cerebrospinal fluid from patients with neurological disorders to investigate whether albumin is a biomarker for these diseases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 31, no 22, 3945-3953 p.
Apparent absorption, artificial antibodies, CBB, molecular imprinting, true absorption
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104856DOI: 10.1002/jssc.200800385ISI: 000262167500017PubMedID: 19065619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104856DiVA: diva2:220189