Pollen transfer from invasive Carpobrotus spp. to natives - a study of pollinator behaviour and reproduction success
2008 (English)In: Biological Conservation, ISSN 0006-3207, Vol. 141, no 1, 136-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The influence of invasive plant species on native community composition is well-documented, but less is known about underlying mechanisms. Especially scarce is knowledge about effects on biotic interactions such as relationships between native plants and their pollinators. In this study we investigate if pollen transfer from the invasive and highly pollen productive Carpobrotus spp. affects seed production and/or seed quality in three native species. We monitored pollinator movements and pollen loads on pollinators and native stigmas, and in a field pollination experiment we investigated the effect of invasive pollen on reproduction. Invasive pollen adhered to pollinators, pollinators switched from Carpobrotus spp. to natives, invasive pollen was transferred to native stigmas, and it affected seed production in one species. Although all possible steps for interference with seed production were found to be qualitatively taken, invasive pollen has probably little impact on the native community because the frequency of invasive pollen transfer to natives was low. However, pollination interactions may change with plant abundance and our study provides evidence that pollen transfer from Carpobrotus spp. to natives does occur and have the potential to affect seed production. We found the species identity of shared pollinators to be of importance, higher flower constancy and lower capacity of pollen adherence are likely to result in less invasive pollen transfer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 141, no 1, 136-145 p.
Invasive plant, Pollen limitation, Pollen load, Pollen transfer, Stigma clogging
Research subject Ecological Botany
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104887DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2007.09.005ISI: 000252206900015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104887DiVA: diva2:220228